With increasing population growth and human activity that disturbs the natural habitat, animals must learn to adapt to these kind of threats as well.
Animals in the wild can only live in places they are adapted to.
Human inhabitants in Alaska have also learnt to cope with the environment by building shelters that insulate and hold the heat, and yet do not allow the structure to melt.
Adapting To A New Culture Essay Examples | Kibin
As the different individuals reminisced about their past, we were able to identify key elements in the story that showed us how these different individuals were able to adapt to survive in their environments.
How to Adapt to Changes in a Business Environment - wikiHow
Maladaptive situations may also result when a technological development changes and human biology does not change as fast. For example, humans evolved to desire fat and sugar since these nutrients were generally scarce. But with modern technological advances, this desire is now maladaptive. In other cases, there is something in a group's culture that conflicts with the way a new technology is used. When guns were first introduced to the Inuit, for example, they made killing seals much easier. But they also allowed the Inuit to kill seals in areas with more freshwater, where the seals sank faster and thus were retrieved less often and wasted more often. The technology of guns hurt the seal populations. Yet what really made the situation maladaptive was the Inuit belief that the seals were annually replenished by the gods, which meant that it took a lot of time and wasted seals for an ethic of conservation to develop.
How to Adapt to Changes in a Business Environment
How do maladaptive situations arise? Ehrlich suggests that it is not cultural changes in response to technologies that give rise to maladaptive situations but the lack of cultural change. He terms these situations "evolutionary hangovers."These are situations where either human culture or human biology does not evolve fast enough to adequately cope with changing conditions, whether they are changes within the culture such as those caused by technology or whether they are changes caused by outside forces such as population growth or climate change. As discussed above, Ehrlich argues that humans have a biological tendency to ignore the long term, but I believe that part of the problem also arises from lack of information. Humans cannot always predict population growth or the other effects of a new technology (such as not knowing that DDT would harm the environment) and humans have never been able to predict climate change, although some would argue that has become a possibility in our own century. However these "evolutionary hangovers" arise, however, they create a variety of maladaptive situations. Sometimes a technology that was suited to one environment is not suited to another, such as on Easter Island. The new chickens and sweet potato diet meant that the islanders had much more time on Easter Island than on other islands where they'd cultivated a full range of crops because sweet potatoes take very little time to tend. This new technology led to an increase in the free time available, increasing the importance of ritual and competition between groups. For a while, this resulted in an increasingly sophisticated society. But eventually the stone head carving led to the deforestation of the island. Part of the reason that the carving had such drastic effects is that the Easter Island palm trees were much slower growing than species on other islands. The wood-based technologies that were suited to an environment with fast growing palms weren't suited to Easter Island. The islanders' culture didn't evolve fast enough to account for this difference in palm regrowing rate.