Besides the crime which consists in violating the laws, and varying from the right rule of reason, whereby a man so far becomes degenerate, and declares himself to quit the principles of human nature and to be a noxious creature, there is commonly injury done, and some person or other, some other man, receives damage by his transgression; in which case, he who hath received any damage has (besides the right of punishment common to him, with other men) a particular right to seek reparation from him that hath done it.
For since it can never be supposed to be the will of the society that the legislative should have a power to destroy that which every one designs to secure by entering into society, and for which the people submitted themselves to legislators of their own making: whenever the legislators endeavour to take away and destroy the property of the people, or to reduce them to slavery under arbitrary power, they put themselves into a state of war with the people, who are thereupon absolved from any farther obedience, and are left to the common refuge which God hath provided for all men against force and violence.
"All Men Are Created Equal." Really? | Big Think
If, therefore, the executive who has the power of convoking the legislative, observing rather the true proportion than fashion of representation, regulates not by old custom, but true reason, the number of members in all places, that have a right to be distinctly represented, which no part of the people, however incorporated, can pretend to, but in proportion to the assistance which it affords to the public, it cannot be judged to have set up a new legislative, but to have restored the old and true one, and to have rectified the disorders which succession of time had insensibly as well as inevitably introduced; for it being the interest as well as intention of the people to have a fair and equal representative, whoever brings it nearest to that is an undoubted friend to and establisher of the government, and cannot miss the consent and approbation of the community; prerogative being nothing but a power in the hands of the prince to provide for the public good in such cases which, depending upon unforeseen and uncertain occurrences, certain and unalterable laws could not safely direct.
If all people are created equal, ..
Natural law has objective, external existence. It follows from the ESS (evolutionary stable strategy) for the use of force that is natural for humans and similar animals. The ability to make moral judgments, the capacity to know good and evil, has immediate evolutionary benefits: just as the capacity to perceive three dimensionally tells me when I am standing on the edge of a cliff, so the capacity to know good and evil tells me if my companions are liable to cut my throat. It evolved in the same way, for the same straightforward and uncomplicated reasons, as our ability to throw rocks accurately.
All man created equal essay | Cambridge Warren | …
In our day (though not in earlier times) technical solutionsare always welcome. Because of previous failures in prophecy, ittakes courage to assert that a desired technical solution is notpossible. Wiesner and York exhibited this courage; publishing ina science journal, they insisted that the solution to the problemwas not to be found in the natural sciences. They cautiouslyqualified their statement with the phrase, "It is ourconsidered professional judgment...." Whether they wereright or not is not the concern of the present article. Rather,the concern here is with the important concept of a class ofhuman problems which can be called "no technical solutionproblems," and more specifically, with the identificationand discussion of one of these.
Are men and women created equal
The class of "no technical solution problems" hasmembers. My thesis is that the "population problem," asconventionally conceived, is a member of this class. How it isconventionally conceived needs some comment. It is fair to saythat most people who anguish over the population problem aretrying to find a way to avoid the evils of overpopulation withoutrelinquishing any of the privileges they now enjoy. They thinkthat farming the seas or developing new strains of wheat willsolve the problem -- technologically. I try to show here that thesolution they seek cannot be found. The population problem cannotbe solved in a technical way, any more than can the problem ofwinning the game of tick-tack-toe.