Another common way of abusing a child is (“Child Abuse” 116).

11. Abused children with more positive supports and fewer conflictual relationships were less likely to be depressed than the other maltreated children in the study. The nondepressed maltreated children were also more likely to report that they felt more cared about by their supports than the depressed children.

The second most common way of abusing a child is physical abuse (“Child Abuse” 116).

Furthermore, racial and ethnic minority children can encounter discrimination against their race, color, language, life and family styles, and religious and cultural beliefs that affect their self-esteem and exacerbate the initial and lasting effects of both types of victimization (Wyatt, 1990).

Certain situations increase the risk of child abuse.

This is one of the many causes of child abuse.

in the area of verbal intelligence (Augoustinos, 1987). Some studies have found lowered intellectual functioning and reduced cognitive functioning in abused children (Hoffman-Plotkin and Twentyman, 1984; Perry et al., 1983). However, others have not found differences in intellectual and cognitive functioning, language skills, or verbal ability (Alessandri, 1991; Allen and Oliver, 1982; Elmer, 1977; Lynch and Roberts, 1982).

the cause and effect of child abuse Essays - …

Briere, J.
1992a Methodological issues in the study of sexual abuse effects. 60(2):196-203.
1992b . Interpersonal Violence: The Practice Series. Newbury Park, CA: Sage Publications.

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Bohigan, G.M.
1989 Recognition of Childhood Sexual Abuse as a Factor in Adolescent Health Issues. Informational report of the Council on Scientific Affairs, American Medical Association, April.

Custom Child Abuse essay writing

Briere, J., and M. Runtz
1988a Multivariate correlates of childhood psychological and physical maltreatment among university women. 12:331.
1988b Post sexual abuse trauma. Pp. 85-99 in G.E. Wyatt and G.J. Powell, eds. . Newbury Park, CA: Sage.

The Causes and Effects of Child Abuse

Beitchman, J.H., K.J. Zucker, J.E. Hood, G.A. DaCosta, and D. Ackman
1991 A review of the short-term effects of childhood sexual abuse. 15:537-556.

The Effects of Child Abuse essays

Azar, S.T., K.T. Barnes, and C.T. Twentyman
1988 Developmental outcomes in abused children: Consequences of parental abuse or a more general breakdown in caregiver behavior? 11:27-32.

The Effects Of Child Abuse Essays

Aber, J.L., J.P. Allen, V. Carlson, and D. Cicchetti
1990 The effects of maltreatment on development during early childhood: Recent studies and their theoretical, clinical and policy implications. Pp. 579-619 in D. Cicchetti and V. Carlson (eds.) . New York: Cambridge University Press.