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Our daily lives are permeated with all types of reinforcers and infused with so many demonstrations of operant conditioning at work that we may or may not be aware of. Consider the toddler who dances a jig in order to get a treat; the teenager who complies with a curfew to increase his/her chances of being permitted to go out in the future; the college student who works hard to garner honors upon graduation; the employee who performs tasks efficiently in order to get a promotion; or even a pet dog who stands by the door and nudges it gently in order to be let out for a walk. All these examples demonstrate how the promise of a rewarding outcome causes an increase in behaviour.
Conditioning and Learning Essay - 1233 Words
In the following sections, we will use certain operant conditioning examples to help make the concept clearer.
Operant conditioning is the process of learning behavioral patterns which are based on certain stimuli from the environment, such that, external stimuli lead to certain behavior.
PSY340 Psychology: Classical and Operant Conditioning
Taking the stairs helps avoid the negative action of dealing with the noise.
While positive and negative reinforcement help in or a particular behavior, positive and negative punishment help in or it.
There are certain operant conditioning behavior examples in the classroom as well as in a home set up that you can observe in children.
Basic Principles Of Classical Conditioning Learning
Operant conditioning is mainly the use of certain consequences to alter the occurrences and behavior of the learner. It can also be said as the behavior learners experience and it has some impact on the environment (Schacter, 2010). For example, a student who takes his studies in college with five weeks per semester must complete curtain things like cats and assignments in order to finish that semester. In one unit, a lecturer might give a fixed timetable of how he is going to distribute the cats and assignments. That is, after two weeks, there is an assignment and after four weeks, there is a cat. This means that the lecturer has used a fixed interval schedule. If he only says that after every topic there is a cat and an assignment, it means that he has used a variable interval schedule since the time one topic ends is not defined.
Compare and contrast classical and operant conditioning
These operant conditioning examples show us a pattern which dictates that most behavior patterns that we learn are not merely as a result of our thoughts and conscience, but due to the fact that there are negative and positive stimuli in the environment that influence the way in which we act and behave.