Interprofessional education is an important educational framework within rehabilitation and health sciences. The Faculty of Health Sciences at McMaster University has developed PIPER (Program of Interprofessional Education and Research) to encourage students to develop strong collaborative and team skills for future practice. The physiotherapy program supports interprofessional educational activities for all students.
The implementation of the SBAR process occurred over a six-month period. A series of three education workshops (a total of four hours) introduced staff to key elements of patient safety including communication breakdown in healthcare, a systems approach to safety culture, openness to reporting incidents and near misses and the use SBAR to facilitate communication. Role-playing using real-life case examples related to falls risk assessment, prevention and management was used to demonstrate how SBAR may be implemented in clinical situations. These scenarios provided participants with powerful feedback in learning how to apply the tool.
Interprofessional Collaboration And Teamwork – …
Explain strategies for effective interprofessional teamwork and collaboration in health care delivery.
Identify challenges of working in interprofessional teams.
Describe strategies to help people work effectively together.
Competency 2: Analyze the implications of working with interprofessional teams in multifaceted health care settings.
Explain the meaning of the term “interprofessional collaboration” from a nursing perspective.
Explain how interprofessional teams define success.
Describe the characteristics and qualities of effective interprofessional teams in terms of patient safety.
Describe the benefits and limitations of interprofessional teams for health care organizations, interprofessional team members, and patients.
Competency 4: Communicate in a manner that is consistent with the expectations for a nursing professional.
Write content clearly and logically, with correct use of grammar, punctuation, and mechanics.
Correctly format paper, citations, and references using APA style.
The majority of health care leaders today state that interprofessional collaboration is essential for effective and efficient health care delivery. But this type of collaboration rarely occurs (Bankston & Glazer, 2013). What does it take to develop interprofessional collaborative teams? You will explore this question in this assignment.
Interprofessional collaboration of health care | Essay …
This study implemented and evaluated the adapted Situation-Background-Assessment-Recommendation (SBAR) tool for use on two inter-professional rehabilitation teams for the specific priority issue of falls prevention and management. SBAR has been widely studied in the literature, but rarely in the context of rehabilitation and beyond nurse-physician communication. In phase one, the adapted SBAR tool was implemented on two teams with a high falls incidence over a six-month period. In phase two, process and outcome evaluations were conducted in a pre-post design comparing the impact of the intervention with changes in the rest of the hospital, including the perceptions of safety culture (as measured by the Hospital Survey on Patient Safety Culture); effective team processes, using the Team Orientation Scale; and safety reporting, including falls incidence, severity and near misses. This study suggests that the adapted SBAR tool was widely and effectively used by inter-professional rehabilitation teams as part of a broader program of safety activities. Near-miss and severity of falls incidence trended downward but were inconclusive, likely due to a short time frame as well as the nature of rehabilitation, which pushes patients to the limit of their abilities. While SBAR was used in the context of falls prevention and management, it was also utilized it in a variety of other clinical and non-clinical situations such as transitions in care, as a debriefing tool and for conflict resolution. Staff found the tool useful in helping to communicate relevant and succinct information, and to "close the loop" by providing recommendations and accountabilities for action. Suggestions are provided to other organizations considering adopting the SBAR tool within their clinical settings, including the use of an implementation tool kit and video simulation for enhanced uptake.
The physical, psychological, social and economic consequences of falls and falls-related injuries have been well documented in the literature. Each year in Canada, approximately one third of healthy, community-dwelling older adults experience a fall (Registered Nurses Association of Ontario [RNAO] 2007). Falls in hospitals are almost three times this rate and account for up to 84% of all in-patient incidents (Halfon et al. 2001). There is compelling evidence, however, that falls can be prevented through timely risk detection and appropriate management. Numerous guidelines have emerged over the past decade outlining best practice for falls risk prevention and management both within healthcare settings and in the community (American Geriatrics Society, British Geriatrics Society and American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons Panel on Falls Prevention 2001; RNAO 2007). Inherent within these guidelines is the need for strong inter-professional team collaboration and communication. Communication breakdown has long been cited as the leading cause of inadvertent patient harm, including falls (Joint Commission on Accreditation of Health Care Organizations 2004). All too frequently, however, communication is context or personality dependent and influenced by a myriad of factors including gender, culture, profession and structured hierarchies within healthcare (Leonard et al. 2004).