You'll be graded on three basic criteria:

According to Rawls, this method will produce a society where individual liberties are maximized for all citizens and social inequality is justifiable only under conditions that would be.

Eventually, he returned to Athens and established his own school of philosophy at the Academy.

This plan for the ideal society or person requires detailed accounts of and of the kind of by which it may be achieved by, captured in a powerful image of the possibilities for human life in the.


The ()offers a description of as Socrates presented it in his own.

The written dialogues on which his enduring reputation rests also serve both of these aims.

They include a critical examination of the theory of forms in(), an extended discussion of the problem of knowledge in(), cosmological speculations in(), and an interminable treatment of government in the unfinished().


by Gregory Vlastos (Anchor, 1971)

As presented in (1971), Rawls's concept of " as fairness" offers a non-historical or hypothetical variation on the theory, in which rational agents make social decisions from behind a "veil of ignorance" that prevents them from knowing in advance what status they will hold.

by Richard Kraut (Rowman & Littlefield, 1997)

In his () (1543),Ramus attacked the influence of thinking on education and philosophy, proposing an alternative method of reasoning that emphasized the invention of rhetorical dichotomies.

(1955) is an early statement of Rawls's basic principles.

by Margaret Archer, Roy Bhaskar, Andrew Collier, and Tony Lawson (Routledge, 1999);David Kelley, (Louisiana State, 1988);Hilary Putnam, (Harvard, 1992);Joseph Margolis, (Penn State, 2001);Stathis Psillos, (Routledge, 1999);Gustav Bergmann, (Wisconsin, 1967); andSimon Blackburn, (Oxford, 1995).

by Norman Daniels (Stanford, 1989).

Bermúdez and Alan Millar (Oxford, 2002);Lynn Holt, (Ashgate, 2002);Martin Hollis, (Cambridge, 1988);Max Horkheimer, (Continuum, 1974);Ernest Gellner, (Blackwell, 1992); andPaul M.