Foucault discusses how rules, policies and laws are applied towards the society and how existence of hierarchy in the society has assigned individuals to play each of their own roles.
Foucault intended the term “genealogy” to evokeNietzsche's genealogy of morals, particularly with its suggestion ofcomplex, mundane, inglorious origins—in no way part of any grandscheme of progressive history. The point of a genealogical analysis isto show that a given system of thought (itself uncovered in itsessential structures by archaeology, which therefore remains part ofFoucault's historiography) was the result of contingent turns ofhistory, not the outcome of rationally inevitable trends.
Foucault: Language, discourse and power/knowledge | …
This thought, according to Foucault, led to some important anddistinctively modern possibilities. The first was that developed byKant himself, who thought that representations (thoughts or ideas)were themselves the product of (“constituted” by) themind. Not, however, produced by the mind as a natural or historicalreality, but as belonging to a special epistemic realm: transcendentalsubjectivity. Kant thus maintained the Classical insistence thatknowledge cannot be understood as a physical or historical reality,but he located the grounds of knowledge in a domain (thetranscendental) more fundamental than the ideas it subtended. (We mustadd, of course, that Kant also did not think of this domain aspossessing a reality beyond the historical and the physical; it wasnot metaphysical. But this metaphysical alternative was explored bythe idealistic metaphysics that followed Kant). Another—and insome ways more typically modern—view was that ideas werethemselves historical realities. This could be most plausiblydeveloped by making ideas essentially tied to language (as in, forexample, Herder), now regarded as the primary (and historicized)vehicle of knowledge. But such an approach was not viable in its pureform, since to make knowledge entirely historical would deprive it ofany normative character and so destroy its character as knowledge. Inother words, even when modern thought makes knowledge essentiallyhistorical, it must retain some functional equivalent of Kant'stranscendental realm to guarantee the normative validity ofknowledge.
Analysing the Significance of Michel Foucault’s …
In Michel Foucault’s Discipline and Punish, he explains that society is an amplified Panopticon that causes its members to observe one another and themselves.
in Foucault’s work on governmentality.
Foucault's final engagement with traditional philosophy arises fromthe rather surprising turn toward the ancient world he took in thelast few years of his life. The History of Sexuality had beenplanned as a multi-volume work on various themes in a study of modernsexuality. The first volume, discussed above, was a generalintroduction. Foucault wrote, but never published, a second volume(The Confessions of the Flesh) that dealt with the origins ofthe modern notion of the subject in the practices of Christianconfession. His concern was that a proper understanding of theChristian development required a comparison with ancient conceptionsof the ethical self, something he undertook in his last two books(1984) on Greek and Roman sexuality: The Use of Pleasureand The Care of the Self.
What is the relationship between Foucault's concept of Essay
Despite its importance to literary and cultural texts of resistance, theater has been largely overlooked as a field of analysis in colonial and postcolonial studies. Acts of Authority/Acts of Resistance seeks to address that absence, as it uniquely views drama and performance as central to the practice of nationalism and anti-colonial resistance. Nandi Bhatia argues that Indian theater was a significant force in the struggle against oppressive colonial and postcolonial structures, as it sought to undo various schemes of political and cultural power through its engagement with subjects derived from mythology, history, and available colonial models such as Shakespeare. Bhatia's attention to local histories within a postcolonial framework places performance in a global and transcultural context. Drawing connections between art and politics, between performance and everyday experience, Bhatia shows how performance often intervened in political debates and even changed the course of politics. One of the first Western studies of Indian theater to link the aesthetics and the politics of that theater, Acts of Authority/Acts of Resistance combines in-depth archival research with close readings of dramatic texts performed at critical moments in history. Each chapter amplifies its themes against the backdrop of specific social conditions as it examines particular dramatic productions, from The Indigo Mirror to adaptations of Shakespeare plays by Indian theater companies, illustrating the role of theater in bringing nationalist, anticolonial, and gendered struggles into the public sphere. Nandi Bhatia is Associate Professor of English at the University of Western Ontario.