functionalist perspective Essay - 241 Words - StudyMode

There are many aspects of the socialisation process to cover both concerning functionalist and Marxist views, these include cultures (made up of many different branches), values (peoples beliefs), and norms (patterns of behaviour)....

This paper compares and contrasts these different perspectives with one another.

Psycho-functionalism, therefore, can be seen as straightforwardlyadopting the methodology of cognitive psychology in itscharacterization of mental states and processes as entities defined bytheir role in a cognitive psychological theory. All versions offunctionalism, however, can be regarded as characterizing mental statesin terms of their roles in some psychological theory or other.(A more formal account of this will be given in Section 4.1 below.)What is distinctive about psycho-functionalism is its claim that mentalstates and processes are just those entities, with just thoseproperties, postulated by the best scientific explanation ofhuman behavior. This means, first, that the form of the theory candiverge from the “machine table” specifications of machinestate functionalism. It also means that the information used in thefunctional characterization of mental states and processes needn't berestricted to what is considered common knowledge or common sense, butcan include information available only by careful laboratoryobservation and experimentation. For example, a psychofunctional theorymight be able to distinguish phenomena such as depression from sadnessor listlessness even though the distinctive causes and effects of thesesyndromes are difficult to untangle solely by consulting intuitions orappealing to common sense. And psychofunctional theories will notinclude characterizations of mental states for which there is noscientific evidence, such as buyer's regret or hysteria, even if theexistence and efficacy of such states is something that common senseaffirms.


Functionalist perspective on religion essay - …

To help understand this idea I will use the usual Functionalist example of a computer.

A good way to see why analytic functionalists insist that functionalcharacterizations provide meaning analyses is to revisit a debate thatoccurred in the early days of the Psycho-Physical Identity Theory, thethesis that each type of mental state can be identified with some typeof brain state or neural activity. For example, early identitytheorists (e.g. Smart 1959) argued that it makes perfect sense(and may well be true) to identify pain with C-fiberstimulation. The terms ‘pain’ and ‘C-fiberstimulation’, they acknowledged, do not have thesame meaning, but nonetheless they can denote the same state;the fact that an identity statement is not a priori, they argued, doesnot mean that it is not true. And just because I need not consult somesort of brain scanner when reporting that I'm in pain doesn't meanthat the pain I report is not a neural state that a brain scannercould (in principle) detect.


Critically Evaluate the Functionalist Perspective on Education

Although all of these theories are important to education and society, I have chosen to focus my research or theoretical perspective on functionalism also including the effects functionalism and education.

Functionalist perspective on crime and deviance …

Marxism and functionalism are two examples of social theories that made a grand impact on the anthropological and sociological fields, but have since faded from the forefront.

Functionalist perspective on crime ..

Functionalists believe that in the family, the role of the woman is functional when she plays a necessary ‘expressive’ role, providing care and affection for members in a more subordinate role than that of the breadwinner husband....

Functionalist perspective on education essay teachers

Functionalism sees the use of the family in society and how it can take pressure from the government by becoming an almost dependent institution that will help support its own members....