Adopted in 1996, the Comprehensive Nuclear Test Ban Treaty (CNTBT) had 138 ratifications in mid-2007, but it is not yet in force. That requires ratification of the treaty by all 44 states listed in Annex 2 as having nuclear power or research reactors. Thirty-four of them have ratified, but the People’s Republic of China, Colombia, Egypt, Indonesia, India, Iran, Israel, Democratic Republic of Korea, Pakistan, and the United States are holdouts. The U.S. Senate’s rejection of the treaty in 1999, which some viewed as a death knell, came over arguments that breaches could not be properly verified and that the United States could not continue stewardship over its existing stockpile without some testing. Proponents vigorously denied these arguments. Undaunted by the absence of some Annex 2 powers, a de facto moratorium on testing since the mid-1990s has been broken only by India, Pakistan, and the DPRK.
To understand why this aspect is so important, it is necessary to look at it from the US government’s perspective. The US administration is against Iran’s uranium enrichment program largely because the country is known to support some of the most notorious groups (Bowman, 2012).The United States has regarded Iran as the main sponsor of terrorism. In numerous instances, the country has been connected to terror attacks against Israelis. The US strongly feels that once the country is capable of developing more nuclear power, it would have the courage to carry out acts of terror against the U.S as well. However, such suspicions can be allayed by Iran’s past actions. Though the country has had chemical weapons for over 25 years, they have never prvided these weapons to terrorist groups (Bowman, 2012). It is likely that the same trend would be carried forward for nuclear weapons.
Free College Essay Why Iran Needs Nuclear Power
Nuclear power considering that it has a number if benefits as has been stated in the paper. For instance environmental safety, social satisfaction and economic upgrade. The paper has simiarly focused on the negative effects of nuclear power. This takes in regard the nations that make use of them for fighting as well as other negative activities, a good example is Iran. Considering that the huge threat that Iran poses is quite unsettling, its declaration has caused Obama and Netanyahu to combine their efforts. This is perhaps the only reason that could have brought the two heads of state together (Calabresi & Newton-Small, 2012). Despite the great risk that nuclear technology poses to global peace, it has brought together to States that never agree.