Author(s). Title of Book. Place of Publication: Publisher, Year of
A part of a book (such as an essay in a collection)
Author(s). "Title of Article." Title of Collection. Ed. Editor's
Name(s). Place of Publication: Publisher, Year. Pages.
An article in a periodical (such as a newspaper or magazine)
Author(s). "Title of Article." Title of Source Day Month Year:
N.B. When citing the date, list day before month; use a three-letter abbreviation of themonth (e.g. Jan., Mar., Aug.). If there is more than one edition available for that date(as in an early and late edition of a newspaper), identify the edition following the date(e.g. 17 May 1987, late ed.).
An article in a scholarly journal
Author(s). "Title of Article." Title of Journal Vol (Year): pages.
N.B. "Vol" indicates the volume number of the journal. If the journal usescontinuous pagination throughout a particular volume, only volume and year are needed,e.g. Modern Fiction Studies 39 (1993).: 156-174. If each issue of the journal begins onpage 1, however, you must also provide the issue number following the volume, e.g. Mosaic19.3 (1986): 33-49.
When quoting more than forty words (or more than four lines) from asource, create a block quotation that
• includes an introductory lead-in
• begins on a new line
• is indented one-half inch from the left margin
• does not use quotation marks
• includes the page number(s) preceded by p.
When quoting more than three lines of poetry, ..
When using MLA format, follow the author-page method of citation. Thismeans that the author's last name and the page number(s) from which the quotation is takenmust appear in the text, and a complete reference should appear in your works-cited list(see below). The author's name may appear either in the sentence itself or in parenthesesfollowing the quotation, but the page number(s) should always appear in the parentheses,never in the text of your sentence.
Freud states that "a dream is the fulfillment of awish" (154).
Some argue that "a dream is the fulfillment of awish" (Freud 154).
Sometimes more information is necessary to identify the source from which aquotation is taken. For instance, if more than one author has the same last name, it isnecessary to provide the author's initials (or even her or his full name if differentauthors share initials) in your citation. If you cite more than one work by a particularauthor, it is necessary to include a shortened title for the particular work from whichyou are quoting.
The Romantic poets demonstrate a concern with the fleeting nature of life:"'My name
is Ozymandias, king of kinds: / Look on my works, ye Mighty, and despair!' / Nothing
beside remains" (P.B. Shelley, "Ozymandias" ll. 10-12); and "Theflower that smiles
to-day / To-morrow dies" (P. B. Shelley, "Mutability" ll. 1-2).
Some gothic novels feature a character who is in the throes of "the violenceof his feelings"
and "the dark tyranny of despair" (M. W. Shelley, Frankenstein 12).
To indicate short quotations (fewer than four typed lines of prose or threelines of verse) in your text, enclose the quotation within double quotation marks andincorporate it into your text. Provide the author and specific page citation (in the caseof verse, provide line numbers) in the text, and include a complete reference in theworks-cited list. Punctuation marks such as periods, commas, and semicolons should appearafter the parenthetical citation. Question marks and exclamation points should appearwithin the quotation marks if they are a part of the quoted passage but after theparenthetical citation if they are a part of your text.