Gorbachev's claim that he is seeking to return to the true Lenin is perfectly easy to understand: having fostered a thorough denunciation of Stalinism and Brezhnevism as the root of the USSR's present predicament, he needs some point in Soviet history on which to anchor the legitimacy of the CPSU'S continued rule. But Gorbachev's tactical requirements should not blind us to the fact that the democratizing and decentralizing principles which he has enunciated in both the economic and political spheres are highly subversive of some of the most fundamental precepts of both Marxism and Leninism. Indeed, if the bulk of the present economic reform proposals were put into effect, it is hard to know how the Soviet economy would be more socialist than those of other Western countries with large public sectors.
In the political sphere, the proposed changes to the Soviet constitution, legal system, and party rules amount to much less than the establishment of a liberal state. Gorbachev has spoken of democratization primarily in the sphere of internal party affairs, and has shown little intention of ending the Communist party's monopoly of power; indeed, the political reform seeks to legitimize and therefore strengthen the CPSU'S rule. Nonetheless, the general principles underlying many of the reforms - that the "people" should be truly responsible for their own affairs, that higher political bodies should be answerable to lower ones, and not vice versa, that the rule of law should prevail over arbitrary police actions, with separation of powers and an independent judiciary, that there should be legal protection for property rights, the need for open discussion of public issues and the right of public dissent, the empowering of the Soviets as a forum in which the whole Soviet people can participate, and of a political culture that is more tolerant and pluralistic - come from a source fundamentally alien to the USSR's Marxist-Leninist tradition, even if they are incompletely articulated and poorly implemented in practice.
The End of History? - Francis Fukuyama
Since the year 1991, the Soviet Union has never been the same; the disintegration of the Union foresaw several changes. The Union of Soviet Socialist Republic was a combination of fifteen countries among them was Russia and the surrounding countries that currently consist of the Armenia, Belarus, Azerbaijan, Estonia, Georgia, Ukraine, and Moldavia among others. The countries joined to form the Union of Soviet Socialist Republic in 1924 and operated until 1991 when the Union collapsed due to economic and political factors that were experienced during the time. Imperatively, as observed by Leon (64) the collapse of the Soviet Union was additionally affected by the transformation in the political structure. Importantly, after President Mikhail Gorbachev took over as the leader of the Soviet Union did it scrambled down. The collapse was unpredictable following the early years strength and influence of the USSR, however during the 1991 cold war everything was altered and the country become independent states.