Social learning theory is a theory that attempts to explain socialization and its effect on the development of the self. It looks at the individual learning process, the formation of self, and the influence of society in socializing individuals. Social learning theory is commonly used by sociologists to explain deviance and crime.
Self-control theory argues that crime (”force or fraud in pursuit of self-interest”) does not need to be motivated or learned. A lack of self-control causes crime, as well as getting drunk or high, and engaging in all manner of risky, predatory sexual behavior. And what causes a lack of self-control is inconsistent and ineffective parenting. Parents who fail to monitor or sanction wrongdoing in their children produce offspring who lack self-control and engage in criminal, deviant, delinquent, and high-risk behavior. All such behaviors have one thing in common: They are impulsive and intended to seize short-term gratification without concern for long-run risk to the actor or harm to the victim.
Theories of Female Deviance and Crime Essays
Positivist or explanatory theories of deviance and crime are made up of the following postulates: objectivism (phenomena possess a pre-given reality, independent of human definition of construction); empiricism (we can know the world through our five senses); and determinism (the phenomena of the material world, including the social world, are linked in a cause-and-effect fashion).