has been called “the Einstein of linguistics.” has been profound, and it has been interesting to stumble upon his work in diverse fields, largely related to linguistics and psychology, but he is also a major figure in philosophy. Chomsky did not find an intellectually satisfying connection between his scientific and political work, but others have. Chomsky has had an outsized influence on linguistics since the 1950s, his interactive style can be polemic, and his tremendous influence arguably delayed some directions that linguistics has taken. Darwin’s observations again found new relevance, this time in linguistics; he noted that language acquisition seemed instinctual. Chomsky observed that infant on Earth can be placed in society, and will master the language that he or she was raised with, which is one of . Darwin thought that human mental traits were developed through natural selection, and although Chomsky thought that there was an innate language “organ” in human biology, he did not pursue its evolutionary implications, and linguistics neglected that connection until recently. Since the rise of DNA analysis and new directions in linguistics that even Chomsky began taking in his old age, scientists are finding genes and brain regions closely related to language. The predominant evolutionary models have , and in the frontal lobe is closely associated with those activities. One way that scientists linked brain regions with activities and traits was when those areas have been damaged by accident or disease. In 1990, a scientist reported on a London family wherein a large fraction had severe language deficits. In 1998, and isolated the gene as the cause. with and, together with other anatomical similarities, this suggests that Neanderthals may have had spoken language.
, who had a scientific career at General Electric, also believed that the energy industry would welcome his solid-state FE device. He , expecting a tickertape parade. The opposite happened as shadowy interests destroyed his business deals, in a situation . Sparky did not take the hint and kept trying, which led to death threats. After their final threats, Sparky fled into hiding, where , and Sparky died the next week of a “heart attack.” Dying that way who played near Sparky’s level, and , and the event shortened his life. Dennis, Sparky, and many others like them lost their naïveté the hard way, but the field has been filled with newcomers who deny the reality of organized suppression as they charge forward with visions of riches and fame. It is perhaps the most common level of awareness where FE newcomers will be found. Most never develop anything worth suppressing so will never know any differently, and will enter and leave the field with that beginner's level of awareness intact. However, with enough people trying and either living to tell the tale, or others chronicling their dire fates, which , and the Internet spreading information like never before, few FE newcomers have much excuse for being unaware of the fates of their professional ancestors. The Internet is like the , or the , ratcheted up by a few orders of magnitude, and my website, this essay, and my comprise my attempt to take advantage of its potential.
Controversy Explodes over Renewable Energy Post …
When sea levels rise as dramatically as they did in the Cretaceous, coral reefs will be buried under rising waters and the ideal position, for both photosynthesis and oxygenation, is lost, and reefs can die, like burying a tree’s roots. About 125 mya, reefs made by , which thrived on , began to displace reefs made by stony corals. They may have prevailed because they could tolerate hot and saline waters better than stony corals could. About 116 mya, an , probably caused by volcanism, which temporarily halted rudist domination. But rudists flourished until the late Cretaceous, when they went extinct, perhaps due to changing climate, although there is also evidence that the rudists . Carbon dioxide levels steadily fell from the early Cretaceous until today, temperatures fell during the Cretaceous, and hot-climate organisms gradually became extinct during the Cretaceous. Around 93 mya, , perhaps caused by underwater volcanism, which again seems to have largely been confined to marine biomes. It was much more devastating than the previous one, and rudists were hit hard, although it was a more regional event. That event seems to have , and a family of . On land, , some of which seem to have , also went extinct. There had been a decline in sauropod and ornithischian diversity before that 93 mya extinction, but it subsequently rebounded. In the oceans, biomes beyond 60 degrees latitude were barely impacted, while those closer to the equator were devastated, which suggests that oceanic cooling was related. shows rising oxygen and declining carbon dioxide in the late Cretaceous, which reflected a general cooling trend that began in the mid-Cretaceous. Among the numerous hypotheses posited, late Cretaceous climate changes have been invoked for slowly driving dinosaurs to extinction, in the “they went out with a whimper, not a bang” scenario. However, it seems that dinosaurs did go out with a bang. A big one. Ammonoids seem to have been brought to the brink with nearly marine mass extinctions during their tenure on Earth, and it was no different with that late-Cretaceous extinction. Ammonoids recovered once again, and their lived in the late Cretaceous, but the end-Cretaceous extinction marked their final appearance as they went the way of and other iconic animals.